Panchang February 2024

  Panchang is a spiritual and scientific and ancient Hindu (Indian) calendar which is derived from Vedic astrology. The Panchang measures time in lunar months. In selection of “ Muhuruta” and for all religious and social functions , lunar month is followed . Every month reveals secret path of stars and constellations and every day of each month is identified with planets and gods.

Every lunar month is divided into two equal halves of 15 days each, Dark half (Krishan Paksha ) and bright half ( Shukul Paksha) It is derived from two words - Panch (Five) and Ang (aspect). Panchang prescribes that each day is divided into five aspects - var or Day (the solar day), Tithi (lunar day), Nakshatra (constellation), Yoga (conjunction) and Karan (one half of lunar day).Tithi or 'lunar day' is a very important conception in Hindu astronomy. Every month reveals secret path of stars and constellations and each date is called a Tithi which is caused by the angle formed by the changing positions of the moon and sun in transit.

The day when Sun & moon are together in a sign at the same degree is called the 30th date which is also known as the ‘Amavasya’ or new moon and as moon advances beyond the sun , each difference of 12º away from the sun ,causes the formation of new Tithi. When the moon reaches 180º beyond the sun and is diametrically opposite to the latter, the date formed is called ‘Poornima’ or the full moon. In each of the two fortnights, of the month, dark half and bright half, the names of all the dates Tithis’ except the ending ‘Tithis are identical . Ending Tithis are Amavasya and Poornima for ‘ Krishan Paksha’ and ‘Shukla Paksha’ respectively.

The knowledge of tithi (date) brings prosperity, vara prolongs life. Nakshatras removes misdeeds, yoga gives immunity from diseases and karana & hora lead to success. Vedas, prescribe that a person can become free from all his misdeeds if he truly follows what is written in the Panchang.The zodiac is marked by 27 constellations or Nakshatras often termed lunar mansions. The position of a Nakshatra is dependent upon the actual time taken by the Moon to traverse 13° 20.' of ecliptic arc, of course, always beginning from the first point of the constellational zodiac.

Yoga is another component of the panchang after Tithi, var & nakshatra. It is the period during which the joint motion in longitude of the Sun and the Moon amounts to 13° 20'. There are twenty-seven Yogas.And finally we have Karana, or half a lunar day meaning thereby the time taken to complete the distance which should be the multiple of 6 between the Sun and Moon.

To find the auspicious time to start anything new it considers the weekday of week (Vara), Tithi, Nakshatra (Star), Yoga of the day, Karana of the day, and the ending moments of all these to determine whether the day is Amrita, Siddha or Marana. Several benefic and malefic yogas are formed by the permutation and combination of different parts of Panchaga. While the good yogas enhance the strength of a ‘ Muhuruta’ , the bad yogas prove disastrous for the success of any activity.

How to read the panchang:

In the Panchang we have different columns showing its different parameters. First is the Date is date of the month and day is Vaar of the week like Sunday or Monday. Next is Tithi. Names of different tithis are shown below the table. In Indian Astrology, the calculation of the Tithis starts from Pratipada (The first day in each half of the lunar month) of the Shukla-Paksha Time specified in the next column is ending time of tithi. Next is Number & name of Nakshatra. The number and the time is specified in the column of time. Next is yoga number & name. The yoga period is also up to a certain time which is written in the time column. In the last column we have Names of Yoga.

Date Day           Thithi                      HM Nakshatra                 HM          Yoga Amrutadi Yoga
1 Thur 06 Shashti 14 05 14 Chitra 27 50 8 Dhrti 11 17 S
2 Fri 07 Saptami 16 04 15 Swati 29 58 9 Sula 11 44 S
3 Sat 08 Ashtami 17 23 16 Visakha -- 10 Ganda 11 41 S
4 Sun 09 Navami 17 51 16 Visakha 07 21 11 Vridhi 11 02 M
5 Mon 10 Dasami 17 26 17 Anuradha 07 55 12 Dhruva 09 42 S
6 Tue 11 Ekadasi 16 09 18 Jyeshta 0736 13 Vyagata 07 40 M/A
- -- -- - ------ 19 Moola 06 26 14 Harsana 28 59 --
7 Wed 12 Dwadasi 14 03 20 P.Shada 28 28 15 Vajra 25 44 A
8 Tgur 13 Trayodasi 11 18 21 U.Shada 26 15 16 Siddhi 22 01 S
9 Fri 14 Chaturdasi 08 03 22 Sravana 23 30 17 Vyatipata 17 58 M
- - K    30 Amavasya 28 30 -- -- --       --
10 Sat S    01 Prathami 24 22 23 Dhanistha 20 36 18 Variyan 13 45 S/A
11 Sun 02 Dwithiya 21 11 24 Satabisha 17 40 19 Parigha 09 30 S
- - - - ------   -- -- 20 Siva 29 22 --
12 Mon 03 Trithiya 17 46 25 P. Bhadra 14 57 21 Siddha 25 28 S
13 Tue 04 Chaturthi 14 43 26 U.Bhadra 12 36 22 Sadhya 21 57 A/S
14 Wed 05 Panchami 12 11 27 Revati 10 44 23 Shubha 18 52 M
15 Thur 06 Shashti 10 14 1 Aswini 09 27 24 Sukla 16 16 A/S
16 Fri 07 Saptami 08 57 2 Bharani 08 47 25 Brahma 14 11 S
17 Sat 08 Ashtami 08 17 3 Krittika 08 47 26 Indra 12 38 S/A
18 Sun 09 Navami 08 17 4 Rohini 09 23 27 Vaidhriti 11 33 S
19 Mon 10 Dasami 08 57 5 Mrigasira 10 34 1 Viskumba 10 56 S
20 Tue 11 Ekadasi 09 57 6 Arudra 12 14 2 Priti 10 41 M/S
21 Wed 12 Dwadasi 11 29 7 Punarvasu 14 19 3 Ayusman 10 46 S
22 Thur 13 Trayodasi 13 33 8 Pushya 16 44 4 Saubagya 11 09 M
23 Fri 14 Chaturdasi 15 35 9 Aslesha 19 26 5 Sobhana 11 44 A/S
24 Sat S    15 Purnima 18 02 10 Makha 22 22 6 Atiganda 12 36 S/A
25 Sun K    01 Prathami 20 38 11 P.Phalguni 25 32 7 Sukarma 13 26 S
26 Mon 02 Dwithiya 23 18 12 U.Phalguni 28 32 8 Dhriti 14 25 S
27 Tue 03 Trithiya 10 55 13 Hasta -- 9 Sula 15 24 M/S
28 Wed 04 Chaturthi 28 20 - -- 07 34 10 Ganda 16 16 S/A
29 Thur 05 Panchami 06 24 14 Chitra 10 23 11 Vridhi 16 56  

 

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Note : 1. S-Suklapaksha, K-Krishnapaksha.
2. Timings given are ending moments (in IST) reckoned from Sunrise to Sunrise.
3. A=Amruta Yoga(Excellent); S-Siddha Yoga (Good); M=Marana Yoga (Bad)

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